Islamic dating sites
At its simplest, Arab scholarship enlarged our comprehension of underlying geometries, and Muslim craftsmen, not all of them Arabs, relied on this body of knowledge in producing their characteristic fields of tiles, mosaic, plaster and wooden patterns that were applied to elements of their buildings.
Generally they are seen as two-dimensional surface treatments, though there are examples of three-dimensional work in many areas of the Islamic world, particularly with the .
While many of the designs illustrated here, including my attempts to deconstruct them, are based on two-dimensional designs, there are many examples of three-dimensional design work in the Islamic world.
Here to the side is the top of a fifteenth century wooden Egyptian that has been articulated with pendentives, a form of cantilever that is commonly used in masonry constructions, though here is more decorative than structural due to the inherent character of timber which has both compressive and tensile qualities which stone lacks.
Compare the above dish with this which has a decorative pattern on it and an apparently eccentric geometrical layout.
The rim of the dish is broken into nine, slightly unequal, elements inside which there are six stylised flowers hanging from the central motif which, itself, has nine points in its centre, but ten outer petals.
They represent the character of inlaid work that is displayed in many decorative pieces.
It creates an immediately recognisable identity, one that is founded in an all-embracing philosophical and cosmological approach to the creation of designed and constructed works, contrasting multiplicity and unity.
The first point to bear in mind is that there are three types of patterning common to the designs found in Islamic cultures: the latter of which contains the largest number of examples we are likely to come across, and is the area most commonly examined from the perspective of their mathematical bases. The first example, above, typifies the kind of design that comes to mind when thinking of Arabic geometric designs.
However, the example is not from Arabia but was made in France and is one of a pair of silver door panels, shown above on its side.
I have shown them because they are, perhaps, more the type of example with which we are familiar in our daily lives.
This standard and character of design is commonly found all over the Middle East.